Seasons are one of the ever changing features of the universe. Spring run after autumn and vice versa for summers and winters. As winters are recognized by coldness in the same way summer is attributed with hot and high temperature. This hot temperature can be proved health hazardous due to its extremely intense nature. One should teach oneself about heat-related hazards commonly including hyperthermia.

What is hyperthermia?

National Institute of health (NIH), defines hyperthermia as an unusual high body temperature that is prevailed due to malfunctioning of the heat regulating systems of the body which deals with heat of surrounding environment. Hypothermia indicates its presence when body temperature rises above 40 degrees Celsius. Contrary to hyperthermia there exists hypothermia which dominates rapid loss of heat than is produced by body.

Forms of Hyperthermia

Hyperthermia exists in several forms which include heat fatigue, heat syncope, heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke. Among these various kinds, heat exhaustion and heat stroke are worst of all. Although, severity of effects of hyperthermia vary from person to person yet it can be devastating for vital organs of the body.





How does Hyperthermia come into existence?

Hyperthermia attacks a body due to exposure to intense temperature during bright humid day. But it can also clutch the body while remaining indoors in extremely hot environment for a long time. As compared to younger people, old aged ones are more susceptible to it. An aged body sweats less because it usually relies on medication including diuretics which restrict sweating. Additionally, disorders of heart, kidneys and lungs are capable of making someone vulnerable to heat related illnesses.

Risk factors

Factors which lead towards hyperthermia include dehydration, confinement in more than tolerable heated space, lack of mobility, overdressing, crowded meet ups in hot surroundings and any mental disorder like dementia. Younger people do acquire it by doing harsh exercises in hot temperatures.

Signs and Symptoms

Hyperthermia includes heat related illnesses of ever type. Hence, there are various kinds of signs and symptoms including intense body temperature, hot and dry skin, Rapid pulse, dizziness, and nausea, slurred state of mind, loss of conscious, severe headache, rapid sweating, faintness, fatigue, muscle spasms and red cohort of pimples at different sites on the body.





How to avoid Hyperthermia?

It is fortunately easy to be tackled without suffering from complications. It can easily be prevented by staying indoor during sunny days, using shades for outdoor activities, wearing lighter attires and staying hydrated.

Treatment

However if in spite of taking all the precautionary measures hyperthermia catch you, then make an exit from heat and lie under air-conditioned cool place. Get cool shower in the nearest hour. Use cold wet cloth to rub wrists, neck, armpits and groin. Consume fluids including water, fresh juices but avoid alcohol and caffeine sort of stuff.

Cover Photo by Andrea Piacquadio from Pexels

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I am Nimra Babar. Naturally, I am a logophile person who is extremely interested about words and on the behalf of this nature, I am passionate about reading, writing, speaking and learning. Four elements which I keep constant in both my professional and personal life include fair intention, ownership, hard work and loyalty. I hope you will find my content brightening your life like a mirror reflecting sunshine to glow the whole room.

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